An Initiative of Health & Disability Advocates

Demographics of the Medicaid Population

As a result of the Affordable Care Act, about 600,000 Illinois residents age 19 to 64 with low income became eligible for Medicaid. By April 2014, about 287,000 had applied for the new adult Medicaid coverage. These charts help us understand who they are.

Map - Charts - Narrative

Young adults are the least likely to be insured. Seniors age 55-64 may no longer have job-based insurance, but are not yet eligible for Medicare.


The gender profile of the uninsured population may reflect employment and layoff patterns in the region.


All other categories exclude persons who are also Latino.


How well or whether the person speaks English.


Shows the highest level attained. "Some college" excludes graduates at any level.


Employment in the civilian labor force. Military employment, typically very small, is not included.


In past 12 months, how many worked full-time, year-round.


In a typical week, how many hours worked.


A person may have multiple sources of income. Individuals are includwed in the food stamp if they are in a household receiving food stamps.


Individuals with disabilities have disproportionat healthcare needs.


A person may have multiple types of disability. Ambulatory disabilites were the most prevalent, followed by cognitive impairments.


While veterans make up a small portion of the population, they often have special health and healthcare needs.


Source: American Community Survey, 2009-11 data, provided by Rob Paral and Associates.